MARK 16:9-20

Verses 9- 20 “9Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils.
10And she went and told them that had been with him, as they mourned and wept.
11And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and had been seen of her, believed not.
12After that he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country.
13And they went and told it unto the residue: neither believed they them.
14Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.
15And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.
16He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.
17And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;
18They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.
19So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
20And they went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.”

Modern textual critics and most new English versions do not accept the last 12 verses of this Gospel as genuine Scripture.  Some translations leave the verses out altogether and some mark out these verses in some way, such as with asterisks, brackets, and/or footnotes questioning the authenticity of the passage.  Basically, there are two manuscripts that are appealed to that leave out the verses, and those two manuscripts (the Vatican and the Sinai) are decidedly inferior, both coming from the same source and not being two independent witnesses at all.  Even though these two manuscripts were copied by the same people, in the same place, and at the same time, they differ from each other in thousands of places. They show evidence of having been hastily and carelessly copied.  They are almost certainly two of fifty Bibles that Constantine ordered from Eusebius, during the first half of the Fourth Century.  The evidence for the authenticity of Mark 16:9-20 is that the multiplicity of Greek manuscripts have the verses; many ancient versions have the verses; all of the lectionaries on the passage have the verses.  The verses are quoted by such early church fathers as Papias, Irenaeus, Justin Martyr, and Tertullian, in the Second Century; and some of the verses are quoted by Hippolytus in the Third Century; and Eusebius, Chrysostom, Jerome, and Augustine quote them in the Fourth Century.  Add to all of this the fact that the conclusion of the Gospel would be far too abrupt if it ended after Verse 8.  There was a blank space left in the Vatican manuscript where the verses could be placed, which leads us to the conclusion that the scribe knew about the existence of the twelve verses but that the last leaf of the Gospel was missing from the document being copied by the scribe. John Burgon made the case for the twelve verses, in 1871, in a book of 375 pages, and no textual critic to this date has ever been able to answer Burgon’s defense.  Nevertheless, critics slavishly follow the Vatican manuscript and continue to reject this genuine portion of God’s Holy Word.

MARK 16:5-6

Verses 5-6 “5And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted.
6And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him.”

The angel said, “He is not here; He is risen.”  All of our hope, faith, confidence and joy depend on the truthfulness of these words.  There can be no other explanation for this wonderful event.  There can be no other logic to history. He is risen!

There would be no Christianity at all if Jesus is not risen bodily and physically from the dead.  Jesus predicted His own resurrection, time and time again (Matt 12:38; Mark 8:31-9:1).  He not only predicted it, He brought the prediction to fulfillment.  There is plenty of evidence that Jesus is alive from the dead.  First, He was really dead. He was crucified, and no one could survive Roman crucifixion. His heart was punctured and out came water and blood.  He had been flogged.  There was great loss of blood.  Second, He was buried. His burial included embalming, a great stone rolled to the doorway of the tomb, a Roman seal, a Roman guard (four soldiers).  Third, He came out of the tomb, alive!  His grave clothes were found lying where He had been.  The grave clothes were still wound as if a body was inside of them, for he miraculously came out of the grave clothes without unwinding them.  Many eye witnesses saw Him after He arose, including more than 500 people at one time.  The Disciples’ lives were transformed from fearful and timid people to bold and tireless preachers of the gospel, witnesses who would die before they would recant their faith in Christ.  Many unlikely people were saved because Jesus was resurrected; these converts included the brothers of our Lord, Saul of Tarsus, and a great company of Jewish priests (Acts 6:7).  So sure were the apostolic believers that Jesus was alive that they gave up long held beliefs, doctrines, and traditions, such as the Passover, the Sabbaths, and other observances in the Old Testament Law.  So sure were they that Jesus was alive, that they made the First Day of the week, the day Jesus arose, a special day of worship.

Furthermore, all of the false theories that attempt to explain away the resurrection of Jesus are entirely inadequate.  The same false theories are said over and over.  “His body was stolen from the tomb.”  “He did not really die. He only swooned.”  “All of the witnesses simply had hallucinations.”  “The women, Peter, and John went to the wrong tomb.”  All of these theories are lame, foolish, and totally inadequate to explain the empty tomb.  He is alive!

MARK 16:1-2

Verses 1-2 “1And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.
2And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.”

There were three Sabbaths on three successive days at the time of the crucifixion. The Sabbath mentioned in 15:42 was the Passover Sabbath, the day of the Passover meal, a Thursday that year, the 14th day of the month Abib (see Lev 23:5).  The following day, Friday, the 15th of Abib, was also a Sabbath because it was the first day of unleavened bread (see Lev 23:6-7; Num 28:17-18).  Of course, Saturday was also a Sabbath, making three Sabbaths in a row.  Keep in mind that all of these Sabbaths began at sundown, i.e., the day of the Passover feast began on our Wednesday evening at sundown.  The first day of unleavened bread started on our Thursday evening at sundown. The Sabbath mentioned in Mark 16:1-2 was the regular weekly Sabbath, which began on Friday evening at sundown and continued through the entire day on Saturday.  Jesus was crucified on Wednesday afternoon and hastily and partially embalmed and placed in the tomb before sundown.  The women could not return to complete the embalming of Jesus’ body until the first day of the week because of the three Sabbaths in a row.  This means that Jesus was crucified on Wednesday, not Friday as some traditions hold. Our Lord was in the grave for three days and three nights, just as the Bible says in Matthew 12:40.  He was in the grave all night Wednesday night, all night on Thursday night, and all night Friday night.  He was in the grave all day on Thursday, all day on Friday, and all day on Saturday.  He came out of the grave sometime after sundown on Saturday evening, which was the first day of the week.

MARK 15:39

Verse 39 “And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.”

The centurion spoke the truth when he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God.” Son of God is a special name for deity. That is the same as saying, “This man is God in human flesh.” Some new versions change the words to, “This man was a son of God,” (NASB 1963, NEB, Phillips) a very unfortunate and erroneous Unitarian reading.

MARK 15:28

MARK, Chapter 15

Verse 28 “And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.”

Many new English versions omit verse 28. This is a mistake since the verse is in the best manuscripts. Of course, it is a matter of opinion as to which manuscripts are the best. Scholars do not agree about it, but most manuscripts of this chapter have the verse and it is evident that God has preserved it. The verse upholds the accuracy and inspiration of Holy Scripture and is important to a study of how Old Testament prophecy concerning the Lord Jesus was fulfilled. Jesus was treated like the lowest of the low in this world, a felon, a villain, and an outlaw. It was all prophesied in the Old Testament and was fulfilled to the finest detail.

MARK 15:23, & 36

Verses 23 and 36 ” 23And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not.” “36And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down.”

Jesus was offered both vinegar and wine mixed with myrrh. Some have mistakenly believed that this offering was an act of mercy, a sedative to dull the pain. It was, in fact, a cruel, mocking, tormenting gesture intended to add to His thirst and torment. David wrote under Holy Spirit inspiration, “Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none. They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink” (Ps 69:20-21). These words and thoughts of Jesus prophesied His crucifixion. He says there was no pity from anyone. There was no compassion. There was no mercy. The very purpose of crucifixion was to inflict as much pain and agony as possible, for as long as possible. Oh! The agony that Our Lord suffered to save us from our sins!


MARK 15:1-19

Verses 1-19 “1And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.
2And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering said unto them, Thou sayest it.
3And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing.
4And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee.
5But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled.
6Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired.
7And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection.
8And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them.
9But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews?
10For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.
11But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them.
12And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews?
13And they cried out again, Crucify him.
14Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.
15And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.
16And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.
17And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head,
18And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!
19And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.”

The cruel treatment of Jesus, God’s innocent lamb, on the day of His crucifixion can not be expressed too graphically.  The beating with the “cat of nine tails,” a many thonged whip with sharp pieces of metal and glass attached, would often result in death.  A person receiving this treatment would usually have flesh and skin shredded, would often lose eyes and ears, and would sometimes even be disemboweled.  Additionally, His tormentors beat His face with their fists, marring His blessed face beyond recognition.  He was spit upon, and mocked.  What a ridiculous, illegal, and crooked trial was this!  Jesus submitted to all of this, because He loved us, sinners that He came to save.


MARK 14:60-61

Verses 60-61 “60And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
61But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?”

At Jesus’ trial, He had very little to say in His own defense. Why? Was it because He knew that His enemies would refuse to be turned from their wickedness no matter what He might say? Was it because He already knew that He would be condemned and crucified? For whatever reason, His silence is the silence of a lamb led to the slaughter. “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth” (Is 53:7). It was all part of His submission to the will of His Father. It was part of His laying down His life, not as a martyr, but as the Savior.

MARK 14:55-60

Verses 55-60 “55And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none.
56For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.
57And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying,
58We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.
59But neither so did their witness agree together.
60And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?”

One of the Ten Commandments is, “Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor” (Ex 20:16). God hates a lying tongue. As we travel through this world, we notice how easily people lie about others, about themselves, and even about God. There is nothing new about this. David wrote, “I said in my haste, All men are liars” (Ps 116:11). Somebody said, “David could have taken his time about saying it and it still would have been so.” It is terribly sad that Jesus was lied about, time and time again. He did only good in this world, then gave up His life to purchase salvation for those who were filled with lies and sin; and yet, the lies of lying liars followed Him to the grave and beyond. We should not expect better treatment than our Lord received from this world. The Devil, who is the father of lies, is determined to make our lives miserable by having plenty of liars to lie against us. What should be our response? First, pray: “Deliver my soul, O Lord, from lying lips, and from a deceitful tongue” (Ps 120:2). Second, Remember the words of our Savior,”Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.” (Matt 5:11-12). Third, follow Jesus example: When you are lied about, resist the natural urge to say the nastiest thing that you can think of about your attacker, but rather live your life is such a godly way that people will not believe the lies that are told about you.

MARK 14:54

Verse 54 “And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.”

Poor Peter! He makes one mistake after another, and it leads to one sin after another. He puts himself right in the place of temptation. That is always a bad decision by any child of God. Following “afar off” was indicative of Peter’s spiritual condition. He was already backslidden and “afar off” from Christ. His spiritual declension started with foolish pride and progressed to forsaking Christ, and ends with his thrice-fold denial of the Savior. The drip becomes a torrent! His sins become more and more outrageous. What is the use in praying, “Lead us not into temptation,” if we intentionally place ourselves in the very place of temptation? We must beware of becoming too comfortable in the company of the enemy’s servants and warming ourselves at the enemy’s fire.